Dambulla is a large commercial town located in Matale district with an immense historical and religious value as well. It is mostly famous for the ancient rock cave temples and also for its large scale wholesale market. The Golden Rock Cave Temples in Dambulla is also one of the UNESCO world heritage sites (1991) with a history extended from prehistoric and proto-historic times. Dambulla offers a lot of splendorous sites, such as the cave temples, ironwood forest, Rose Quartz Mountain and megalithic cemetery.
As mentioned before, Dambulla is best known for the cave temples. There are more than 80 documented caves around this area. From all those caves the most attractive happen to be only five caves which contain statues and paintings. These caves are known to be the finest storehouse of the Sinhala art and sculpture. These caves have been built on the base of a 150m high rock during the Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa period.